Singularity konteinerizācijas izmantošana klasterī

Singularity is a containerization solution designed for high-performance computing cluster environments. Besides the native singularity containers it can run also docker containers.

Accessing Singularity:

module load singularity
module list

Main online container registries and commands to load

Singularity Library
singularity pull library://
Docker Hub
singularity pull library://
Singularity Hub
singularity pull library://
$ singularity pull docker://


singularity pull docker://gcc:5.3.0
singularity pull library://godlovedc/demo/lolcow

Containers execution on the HPC cluster. Start interactive session in the fast queue:

qsub -I -X  -q fast

or start interactive session on 1 node with Tesla K40m GPU, wall-time 1hr in “fast” queue

qsub -I -l nodes=1:gpus=1,feature=K40,walltime=01:00:00 -q fast   
cd $PBS_O_WORKDIR			# change to working directory
module load singularity		# Load Singularity module

Run command executes a defined set of commands from a definition file’s runscript. It is only available when using an image that was built from a definition file that specified a runscript.

# Running  container’s runscript from library
singularity run library://godlovedc/demo/lolcow	 
# Execute runscript of loaded container
singularity run  ./lolcow_latest.sif 

Exec command executes command from container:

singularity exec  ./lolcow_latest.sif  fortune   
singularity exec  library://godlovedc/demo/lolcow  fortune

Shell command allows you to spawn a new shell within your container and interact with it as though it were a small virtual machine

singularity shell library://godlovedc/demo/lolcow
singularity shell container.sif 

User-defined bind paths:

singularity shell --bind /scratch  container.sif

GPU use:  If your host system has an NVIDIA GPU card and a driver installed, you can leverage the card with the –nv option :

singularity run --nv  container.sif

Example using Tensorflow Deep Leraning Framwork from Docker container Library. Full output has been omitted from the example for brevity.

singularity pull docker://tensorflow/tensorflow:2.3.1-gpu
qsub -I -l nodes=1:ppn=4:gpus=1 
sub: waiting for job 1004934.rudens to start
qsub: job 1004934.rudens ready
module load singularity 
@wn58 tensorflow]$ singularity exec --nv tensorflow_2.3.1-gpu.sif 
 python -c 'import tensorflow as tf; print(tf.__version__)'
@wn58 tensorflow]$ singularity exec --nv tensorflow_latest-gpu.sif 
python -c "import tensorflow as tf; print(tf.reduce_sum(tf.random.normal([1000, 1000])))"
Created TensorFlow device (/job:localhost/replica:0/task:0/device:GPU:0 with 10610 MB memory) -> physical GPU (device: 0, name: Tesla K40m, pci bus id: 0000:04:00.0, compute capability: 3.5)
tf.Tensor(654.7006, shape=(), dtype=float32)
@wn58 tensorflow]$ singularity shell --nv tensorflow_2.3.1-gpu.sif  
Singularity tensorflow_2.3.1-gpu.sif:~> python /usr/local/lib/python3.6/dist-packages/tensorflow/python/debug/examples/
Accuracy at step 0: 0.216
Accuracy at step 1: 0.098