The European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) is a digital platform for science that will provide access to scientific data and services.
For more than 20 years, Europe has been a single academic computer network coordinated by the GEANT project and brings together more than 50 million users. The Latvian academic network has also been in it since 1997 (Latnet, now called SigmaNet). Why could computing, databases and other services not be combined in the same way?
There was an attempt to combine computing resources into a single network (grid computing). Latvia became involved in the Baltic Grid project (2005-2010) and became part of a common European computing network, but then the grid technology was switched by cloud computing.
In 2016, the European Commission put forward a proposal “… creating a reliable and open environment in which scientific data and results can be stored, shared and reused, the European Open Science Cloud.” Already on 1 January 2017, the pilot project EOSC Pilot started, then the EOSC Hub project and the launch of the EOSC took place on November 23, 2018 in Vienna.